Some commentators have claimed that perhaps Madison’s solution may have backfired. In a book called Explaining America, the journalist and historian Garry Willis suggested that “minorities can make use of dispersed and staggered governmental machinery to clog, delay, slow down, hamper, and obstruct the majority. What Madison prevents is not faction, but action. What he protects is not the common good but delay as such”. Do you see evidence of Garry Willis’s concerns in US politics today?