Barak Obama and George W. Bush foreign Policy about terrorism

Preston, Andrew. Sword of the Spirit, Shield of Faith: Religion in American War and
Diplomacy. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2012.
Prestons in his book Sword of the Spirit, Shield of Faith provides a detailed
description of how religion have impacted American foreign policy, from the colonial
war to the present time. This book will provide a background of the faith of the two
presidents Barak Obama and his predecessor George W. Bush have affected their
foreign policy decision making.
Mead, Walter Russell. Special Providence: American Foreign Policy and How It Changed
the World. New York: Knopf, 2001
Mead introduces four schools of thought and examines how they influenced and
shaped American foreign policy. These schools of thought are Hamiltonians,
Wilsonians, Jeffersonians, and Jacksonians. Different school of thoughts will be
studied throughout this research to describe the characters of the two presidents.
Mead, Walter Russell. “God’s Country” Foreign Affairs (2006): Blackboard. Web. 16 July
2016. .
Religion explains Americans sense of themselves as a chosen people and their belief
that they have a duty to spread their values throughout the world. In this article
Meads discusses the role of religion in foreign policy, he furthers mention the three
major streams of Protestantism; Liberals, Evangelicals, and Fundamentalist. This
article will be used to explain George W. Bush Evangelical background and how it
impacted his decision about the September, 11,2001 attack, and the invasion of Iraq.
Neack, Laura. Elusive Security: States First, People Last. New Millennium Books In
International Studies. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, 2007.
Neack throughout her book argues how security is elusive to us because of our ethic
in which states are the primary actor, so states rely on themselves for protection and
must keep themselves open to all options available to achieving national security.
Ranges of short and extended case studies debating over security were given (i.e.
9/11 attack). This book will serve as a good source to explain national security within
given presentation administration on global issues such as terrorism.
Nye, Joseph, 2010. Soct power and U.S. foreign policy: Theoretical, historical and
contemporary perspectives. New York: Routledge.
Joseph Nye defines soft power as the use of attraction and persuasion for a country to
get what it wants rather than the use of military forces or payment. He later cites that
the U.S. use of hard power to enter Iraq and later occupy the country without the
permission of the EU have raised the negative attitudes toward U.S. foreign policy.
This article will be used to explain Obama and Bush use of hard, soft, and smart
power toward war on terror.
Lieberfeld, Daniel. “THEORIES OF CONFLICT AND THE IRAQ WAR.” International
Journal of Peace Studies 10, no. 2 (2005). Accessed March 22, 2016.
This article examines the reason behind the U.S. invasion of Iraq from an analytical
perspective (i.e. realism, liberalism). In addition it examines George W. Bush
evangelical faith and belief that led him to start the war in Iraq. Studying the
presidents ideological background (i.e. liberalism/idealism), their religious belief and
what school of thought they implement will provide a better perspective of how these
factors have impacted the presidents decision making on foreign policies.
Cline, Austin. “What Are Barack Obama’s Religious Beliefs” Religion &
Spirituality. N.p., 19 Feb. 2016. Web. 13 July 2016.
This online article discuses Barak Obama diverse religious background, and how he
grew up in a relatively secular environment where he learned about religion and
different beliefs people had about God. I tend to use this article throughout my
research to discuses Obamas faith and how it impacted his foreign policymaking.
Herrick, Christopher and Patricia B. McRae. Issues in American Foreign Policy. New York:
Longman, 2003.
The book analyzes a variety of emerging foreign policy in evolutionary context. In
each chapter it presents different issues facing U.S. foreign policy with historical and
theoretical background so readers can develop their own way of analyzing U.S.
foreign policies and ways to resolve them. The book further shows that many of the
American foreign policies are interconnected and actions taken on one issue impact
other foreign and domestic policies. This book shall be used to discuses how the Bush
administration foreign policy impacted Obamas foreign policies.
Woodward, Bob. Obama’s Wars. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster, 2011.
This book sheds light on how Obama faced two difficult issues when he took the
presidency. The first one, was the economic crisis caused by the prior administration.
The other problem was that he had to cope with two inherited wars; the Afghanistan
War and the fight against terrorism. Throughout this research it will shed light on
how such issues influenced Obamas decision and the how the republicans drive his
decision as well.
Haidt, Jonathan. The Righteous Mind: Why Good People Are Divided by Politics and
Religion. New York: Pantheon, 2012.
Haidt in his book studies the origin of morality and how it is linked to politics and
religion. He later developed the six basic factors for morality (Care/Harm,
Liberty/Oppression, Fairness/Cheating, Loyalty/Betrayal, Authority/Subversion,
Sanctity/Degradation). He then goes on to show that liberalism draws from only the
first three factors and conservatism draws from all six. This book will be used to
understand the moral background and its relation to American foreign policy. In
addition, understand how societies have divided themselves based on what they belief
in and how the gap between two different moral worldviews can be reduced.

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