Baroque study guide

Baroque Dates: (1600-1750) 1 . What does "musical model" imply? Various kinds of musical compositions developed all through totally different eras 2. What was going traditionally throughout this period? What was life like? New concepts and artwork was being launched all over the place. It was a time of private expression and drama. There was controversy between Catholics and Protestants which prompted lengthy durations of spiritual warfare. It was additionally a time of scientific analysis and astronomical research. three. Was did the time period Baroque initially imply? Odd, irregular,tough, or uneven four. Why did early baroque composers favor homophony? It was a brand new idea in texture, a melody in a single voice supported by a concord within the others 5. What texture did late baroque composers want? Homophony 6. The musical model of the Baroque period started in what nation after which unfold all through Europe? Italy 7. Church modes step by step gave solution to what? The most important and minor scales eight. Did instrumental music turn out to be Simply as vital as vocal music? Sure 9. What are some attribute traits of baroque rhythms? Quick harmonic, typically steady, made up of repeating patterns 10. What are some attribute traits of baroque melodies? Typically are elaborated and decorative. They provide the impression of dynamic enlargement. A attribute typically present in baroque melodies is a brief opening phrase adopted by an extended phrase with an unbroken stream of fast notes. 11. What are the dynamics like in Baroque music? Abrupt shifts from loud to delicate achieved by including or subtracting devices. 12. Have been chords changing into extra vital? Sure 13. What voices or elements turn out to be extra vital? The outermost voices (bass and soprano) acquired a dominant place. 14. What's the basso continuo? What devices play it? A powerful, supporting, steady bass line performed by a cello, bassoon, or string bass 15. What was a baroque orchestra like? Principally string ensembles with a number of wind devices 16. What household of devices have been crucial? The violin household 17. What's a motion? Did baroque compositions typically include a number of actions? A motion is a semi-independent part inside a piece, in baroque compositions there have been many enlivenment works 18. What's the major or most vital manner that the actions may distinction each other? They need to distinction in tempo, key, materials, texture, and timbre, however price importantly, just one temper must be expressed 19. What's opera? What does it embody? The place was it invented? The opera is a musical drama that tells a narrative and is sung all through. It started in Greece. 20. What's the libretto? The texts that early operas have been composed to. 21. What's an aria? A song-like vocal piece, extra involved with music than with textual content, and accompanied by an orchestra. They typically have hovering melodies, metered rhythm, and formal design 22. What's a recitative? It's a model of supply a lot utilized in operas during which a singer is allowed to undertake the withy's of atypical speech. It doesn't repeat strains as formally composed songs do. It resembles sung atypical speech greater than a proper musical composition. 23. What's a dad capo aria? A type with an ABA design. The primary and second sections contrasting in temper, melodic materials, and key, are introduced; then the singer repeats the primary part including vocal gildings 24. What's the floor bass aria? Composing a bit over a bass station. The bass sample recurs all through the piece, supporting the melody and harmonies above it 25. What's the first important opera? Monteverdi L'Oreal 6. What's an oratorio? A vocal dramatic work conceived for leisure primarily based on a non secular topic typically with a narrative derived from the Outdated Testomony 27. What's a ardour? A ardour is a particular oratorio telling the story of Chrism's crucifixion. Consists of recitatives, arias and choruses 28. What's a chorale? A Lutheran congregational hymn tune 29. What's a church cantata? A enlivenment vocal dramatic work typically accompanied by an organ and a small orchestra 30. What's a sonata? What are the differing types? A enlivenment type for a number of solo devices accompanied by a basso instinct. The differing types have been Sonata dad digital camera (live performance efficiency) and Sonata dad cheese (church efficiency) 31 . What's a fugue? A polyphonic composition with two to 6 melodic strains or voices 32. What's a prelude? A quick keyboard piece that could be both an impartial composition or the introduction to a different piece or set of items 33. What's a set? (typically referred to as a Baroque or dance suite) A enlivenment piece composed for the lute or keyboard with the model, tempo, and rhythmic patterns of a specific dance 34. What's a confusion? Any of a number of varieties often of Italian origin. It refers to orchestral introductions to operas and cantatas. 35. What's the concerto gross? A solo concerto? What number of actions does it have? A concerto gross is small group of solo devices that accompany a string orchestra. A solo concerto is as an alternative just one instrument. They each usually have three actions 36. What's the arteriole type and the way does it work? A retooling is the shape that sometimes begins a motion. Retooling type focuses on a distinction between two musical concepts. The thought introduced within the retooling might be revisited many instances once more within the music. 37. What's a toccata? Kind for lute or keyboard exploiting technicality and brilliance. It has a versatile rhythm and elaborate embellishment of the melody strains. 38. What are terraced dynamics? Transferring palms from one keyboard to a different, abruptly, inflicting adjustments in dynamic degree Composers: Please embody the next for every (l want to have the ability to inform that you simply examine them and didn't Simply Google them or use Wakefield, and so forth. And copied and pasted-read your textbook please) a. Dates b. Nationality c. Significance/main contribution d. Varieties of compositions e. Additional little tidbit 39. Claudio Monteverdi 1567-1643) Was an Italian composer who referred to the 2 types of compositions because the "first" (Polyphonic texture, music dominates textual content, Church music) and "second"(Homophobic texture, textual content dominates music, Secular songs) practices of music. He wrote his madrigals within the new expressive model (second observe) observing particular tonal ideas. His opera L'Oreal was thought-about the primary nice opera. He additionally served because the choirmaster for SST. Marks in Venice for thirty years 40. Henry Purcell (1659-1695) An English composer recognized for his mastery of composing over a floor. He composed shifting arias and operas. He was additionally an organist and wrote chorale music, keyboard works, and instrumental music. 41. Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741) He was an Italian Baroque composer, instructor, and priest. He traveled throughout Europe as a visitor conductor of opera and orchestral performances. He wrote choral and orchestral compositions together with operas. His most well-known composition is his set of 4 violin concertos, The 4 seasons. 42. Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) Bach was a German composer, organist, harpsichordist, violist, and violinist. Bach's compositions have been primarily carried out for the church. He produced a learn quantity of choral music and two giant oratorios referred to as Passions. He wrote primarily for sensible functions equivalent to to show or to compose music for the church. He additionally composed a good looking Mass which contained some essentially the most well-known music ever written. 43. G. F. Handel (1685-1759) Was a German composer recognized for his profitable operas and later for his oratorios. His works had a lot dramatic aptitude. He's greatest acknowledged for his oratorio, Messiah which included the well-known "Hallelujah" refrain. He thought-about this work to be divinely impressed and composed it in solely about three weeks.
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