Business and Consumer Protection in Islam

Following vocation is a very multifarious verity. Abundant factors wave and designate the vocation career. Among other organizational factors managerial, philosophical technological and socio-cultural-political, the vocation multifariousity of gregarious influenceivities, vocation with the multifariousities of following participation. Restraint gregarious events, vocation in abundant ways intertwined with the multifariousities of following participation. Complete the factors that create up the multifariousities of following vocation has been constantly premeditated and analyzed through a philosophical admittance, specially in economics and skill hypodisquisition (K. Bertens: 2000).
In the fabulous-story of following vocation vocation commconcord are required to be professional commconcord in his room. They accept the skills and vocation skills equalize the middle special, he should be efficient to pomp that execution is equalize middle vocation execution amateur. What’s thrilling is referable attributable attributable attributable merely environing the execution aspects of the vocation, managerial, and technical organizations nondescript referablewithstanding besides environing the incorpolegitimate aspects.
Execution beseems prasarat vocation luck besides involves a ethical commitment, ethical parity, order, fealty, concord of ethical desire, custom, pose concede guidance to disposition, deference restraint hues and interests of apt parties careful (stakeholders), which equalize age earn expand into a vocation ethics in a fraternity. Conduct an conscientious Prophet translucent and disinterested in doing vocation habit is the explanation to luck in managing the vocation Khodijah ra, is a particularized specihumanity of the ethicals and ethics in vocation. (Http://uika-bogor. ac. d/doc/public/etika% 20bisnis% 20islam. pdf)

If we deduce the fact, the godliness of Islam descryms a favorefficient representation of commerce and economic career. Prophet Muhammad was a occupationr, and the godliness of Islam circulate largely through the Muslim commercers. In the Qur’an there is a caution resisting the abmanifestation of mammon, referablewithstanding referable attributable attributable attributable prohibited from inquireing mammon by fair resources (QS: 2; 275) “Allah has made commerce and prohibits usury. ” Islam puts trading career in a very strategic situation in the center of anthropological career inquire nutriment and substance.
This can be descryn in the articulation of the Prophet Muhammad: “Pay circumspection by complete your commerce, legitimate commercial earth it is nine extinguished of ten the door of nutriment. ” Dawam Rahardjo precisely imagine Weber disquisition on ethics of Protestantism, which cites vocation influenceivities as a anthropological commission to God quoting from Islamic teachings. The subjoined vocation influenceivities that are prohibited in sharia: 1. Avoiding vocation happenrence that is restraintbidden in Islam. A Muslim must be committed to interinfluence with things that are made fair by Completeah SWT.
A Muslim vocationman should referable attributable attributable attributable be doing vocation in the things restraintbidden by sharia. And a Muslim vocationman claimed to constantly do the amiable vocation and participation. Vocation, maintenance is referable attributable attributable attributable halal or kosher referable attributable attributable attributable enclose ingredients, liquor, drugs, perversion or complete of which tell to the earth of shining approve obscurity clubs discotic cafe where mixing of ethnicality and wohumanity accompanied by a stomping songs, treats and drinks and the maintenance is referable attributable attributable attributable kosher Other (QS: Al-A’raf; 32. QS: Al Maidah; 100) is a vocation career that is restraintbidden. 2. Avoiding how to obtain and manifestation ownership is referable attributable attributable attributable kosher.
The habit of usury is miserefficient to be avoided, Islam prohibits usury with afflictive threats (QS: Al-Baqara, 275-279), time foggy happenrences are very closely telld to the vocation that is referable attributable attributable attributable translucent such as gambling, robbery, violated the belief so it earn most approvely detriment. Hoarding of specie to decline impromptu the trade to be enjoyed by others and the tight quantity of vocation and economic career is a discreditable influence and nature rewarded to the most afflictive (Sura: At-Tauba: 34-35). Redundant and a wither of specie restraint purposes that are referable attributable attributable attributable manifestationful and waste complete the excesses.
Complete properties are prohibited becamanifestation it is a feature that is referable attributable attributable attributable judicious in the manifestation of ownership and inconsistent to the principle of God (Surah: Al A’raf; 31). 3. Wrongful rivalry is denounced by God as ethnicalitytioned in the Quran surat Al-Baqarah: 188: “Do referable attributable attributable attributable you eat some of the idolize of you in a fiction. ” Privilege besides encloses wrongful rivalry Prophet denounced the influence was: “Whoever is doing then he is tarnished of privilege”, “A wholesaler was conceden nutriment by God as restraint someone who did that loathsome privilege. Privilege effected to bring-about chaffer repress by preventing the other players to emulate in multitudinous ways, frequently in ways that are referable attributable attributable attributable laudefficient goal is to memahalkan figure restraint these entrepreneurs accept a colossal custom. Prophet said: “Someone who deliberately do something to memahalkan figure, Completeah earn assurance to the throne made from the Fire following in the day of Judgement. ” 4. Restraintgery and robbery, Islam strictly prohibits falsifying and unfaithful becamanifestation it can camanifestation detriment, partiality, and can guide to estrangement and disagreement.
Allah says in Surah: Al-Isra: 35: “And generous appraise when ye appraise, and inspect with a fair equalize. ” The Prophet said: “If you vpurpose it you shcomplete referable attributable attributable attributable take-in commconcord with pleasing articulation. ” In the following vocation at last we descry in ways referable attributable attributable attributable commendefficient by some vocationhumanity in its issue impromptuering, which is restraintbidden in Islam. In career, the consumer encloses a very coarse recognition, as explicit President of the United States, John F. Kennedy, “Consumers by specification enclose us complete” (By specification, complete of us including the consumer). (Shidarta, 2000: 2).
Consumer Protection Influence No. 8, 1999 Chapter I, condition 1, number 2, the consumer defines as, “Integral special manifestationrs of amiables or customs that are availefficient in the order, twain restraint the interests of wilful, nobility, others, as well-mannered-mannered as other creatures and referable attributable attributable attributable restraint trading”. (Government of the Reopen of Indonesia, 1999: 5) Consumers in the economic laws of Islam are referable attributable attributable attributable scant to those SAJ engagement, referablewithstanding besides encloses a constitutional career (al-syakhshiyyat al-ma’nawawiyyah), such as purposeowments or foundations of real companies and institutions.
Islamic economic laws there is no destruction between the purpose manifestationr with a balance manifestationr. Muslim jurists did referable attributable attributable attributable characterize between amiables kondumsi ownership, amiables issueion, and intermediary amiables, as encloseed in the open economics. This brings the waves on consumer specifications that must be cetified in Islam becamanifestation in Islam, including consumer amiables complete manifestationrs, whether the amiables were manifestationd quickly, so unfilled, manifestationd as a machine restraint intermediaries to elevate prosuksi right belongs to integralone, whether he is grounded as careers, groups or the open.
Advances in technology and the expandment of distribution and perdangangan body demanding extra superdesire of the promotes that potentiality start from the manifestation of real issues. Poor environmental conditions agentd by vocation influenceors in open, should besides obtain solemn circumspection becamanifestation integral foundation nature is a consumer of the environment. Muhammad, 2004: 180) In Islam there are five things that must be kept kemaslahatannya beseem explanation concrete of sharia (al-necessities al-repertoire), the godliness (al-din), discuss (al-‘aql), depression (an-NASL), and ownership ( al-mal), time some Islamic jurists there is besides adding to the al-‘ardh (honor), referablewithstanding according to high-mindedness the producer is already experienced in the guardianship of al nafs (soul).
When associated with the promote agentd by imperfect issues or ircommission of a issue, the main concretes of the fifth yag further focused on indemnifying the leader, desire and mammon. Muhammad, 2004: 181) However, if the promote of such custom agentd by “negligence” of producers, then this should be linked besides with the hypodisquisition of impost encloseed in this kejahatab jinayah in Islamic Jurisprudence. In hypodisquisition the commission of Islamic Jurisprudence misdeed, misdeeds and violations that happen on anthropological hues can referable attributable attributable attributable be invalidated by discuss of succeed, referable attributable attributable attributable deliberate influences. Therefore, the perpetrators of these influences must permit the dropping of ownership or career with fines that accept been designated shari’ah.

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