Castles of Norway

Abstract Norway has a severe terrain and a indifferent air. Its most glorious acropolis, designated Akershus, is located in Oslo, Norway and was built in medieval intervals. Its construction was recent ce that interval occasion, and was very-plenteous deep in the refuge and vindication of Norway. Akershus was so a cetress as polite as a acropolis, which led to improve refuge. This was so in the interval of the Vikings, the plenteous feared defenders of Norway, who were unreserved to be very stolid in hostilities.
It was rebuilt, updated, and repurposed different intervals throughquenched narrative, and is now a trademark in Norwegian narrative and cultivation, serving as a abundant voyager hub. There own been frequent acropoliss balance the centuries that nation own appointed the best accordingly of their precipitation, vindication, construction, or narrative; such as the Windsor Acropolis, Holyrood Palace, Buckingham Palace, and the Chateau de Versailles. However, another, closeer unreserved acropolis seems to be direct on par with these beauties: the Akershus acropolis in Oslo, Norway.
Akershus beats the standards in coercionperfect of these categories and past, which is most enjoyly the deduce it is palpably the most glorious acropolis in Norway. It was created and armed by the Vikings in the medieval ages, and to this day stands tperfect in cogent, regular as it did at the alter of the fourteenth generation. Precipitation Norway has a very severe, mountainous terrain, containing some of the chief subject-matters in Europe north of the Alpine-Carpathian mountain class with simply single-fifth of its aggregate area close than single hundred-fifty meters aggravate deep flatten (Norway – Topography, n. . ). The deep abundant stream, the Glama goes through the Southeast and is three hundred-eighty miles covet. Plenteous of Norway has been scraped by ice, and there are single thousand, seven-hundred glaciers aggregateing some three thousand, four-hundred transparent kilometers. There are frequent protracted indulges and almost numberclose fjords, acovet with spacious strings of islands stretching coercionperfect acovet the seacoastal areas of Norway. Norway’s air is so subordinately severe, eventually seemingly lenient when compared to other precipitations at its brink. Snow covers the foundation at last three months a year.

Duaccentuation the summer months, when the deep is promisinger than the plant, the aspect is different; then the west winds promising the seaseaseaboard past than the inplant so the excitedest summers are in the inplant valleys of the southeast. “Average temperatures variegate among privative ten degrees Celsius in January in Spitzbergen and sixteen degrees Celsius in July in Oslo. ” Even though there is plenteous snowfall, the excited waters of the Gulf Stream haunt the deepports transparent of ice, yet the towards are promisinger in the wane months accordingly of the mountains blocking quenched excited winds (Norway, n. . ). In northern Norway, there is uniform sunwhitish in unfailing compressiveness of the summer. “In northernmost Norway, the sun stays aggravate the horizon ce abquenched couple and single-half months. Southern Norway nforever has uniform quantity, though it averages nineteen hours of quantity a day in midsummer. ” The advance north you go, the coveter this occasion of twenty-four hour whitish lasts. The repugnant happens in the wane, where the sun narrowly coercionforever rises at coercionevery. Duaccentuation these intervals, the Northern Whitishs, so denominated an aurora, can be seen in the air (Norway, n. d. ).
Vindication Norway had single of the best, most feared, and polite unreserved armies in coercionperfect of the medieval ages: the Vikings. “The Vikings were protractedly feared ce their ability and aptitude in conflict…” Their elementary excellent of weapons consisted of spears, swords, and others similar (Top / Weapons, n. d. ). Viking’s swords were doubtful steel and proportionately whitishweight. They so had abundant conflict axes, used to carve through an opponent’s armor. The wealthiest Vikings had coats of mail, which were coats of metal links deposit concertedly to vindicate them from arrows and such.
While coercionperfect Viking wore a helmet, they offered paltry refuge. This was meant to vindicate the pause of the substantiality that a helmet can’t vindicate. The Vikings’ helmets were made of either leather or hale. There is a beggarly miscalculation that they wore double-horned helmets into conflict, when indeed, those were simply used ce ceremonies. Another miscalculation is that they repeatedly used archery as a arrangement in conflict. The Vikings deeply used arrangements of archery ce hunting. They so used them ce conflict rarely, yet chiefly ce covet-class shooting.
However, when applied in assailant, they were very advantageous in abundant conflicts (The Vikings, 2011). The Vikings’ deep enemies were the Christian Monasteries, as they were Pagans, referable attributable attributable attributable Christians endelight most nation in Britain. “A Viking plunderer did referable attributable attributable attributable imagine twice abquenched robbing a Christian pavilion. Christian monasteries in Britain were unconstrained to onset, accordingly the monks in the monasteries had no weapons. ” (Why Did Vikings, 2012). “The amalgamation of Viking settlements acovet the Norwegian seaseaseaboard was polite recent by the interval of St. Olav’s fwhole in 1030.
He is credited with balanceseeing the population’s alteration to Christianity. A occasion of political hostilities ended in the thirteenth generation when Norway ample its guide balanceseas to compressiveness of the British Isles, Iceland, and Greenland. Norwegian territorial ability keen in 1265, and the restraintthcoming year the Isle of Man and the Hebrides were ceded to Scotland. ” The Hanseatic League and the Black Fwhole weakened Norway protractedly. The royalty died quenched in 1387, and the combination that Denmark, Norway, and Sweden expert ceming had so early subvert secret (History, n. . ). Construction In Norway, single of the deep media is grove, so plenteous of the construction is inveterate about that. This stationary reigns gentleman today, coercionperfect balance Norway. There were groveen paviliones built on groveen posts in the foundation in the Middle Ages, unreserved as parry paviliones. Norway was regularly a paltry subsequently on architectural advances made in the pause of the universe, and when they did grasp Norway, they made paltry collision. Single of the recent that made a abundantr collision was the Baroque-inspired Barony Rosendal (The Extrication of Norwegian, n. d. ).
They had double-handled dictum to subvert a tree, wedges, crowbars, pickaxes and hesitates ce stonework, and the anvil, bellows and hesitate ce smithing; at this interval, coercionanything was dsingle by agency, which media they needed a patch, a groveworker, a mason, and a carpenter (Tools ce Medieval, 1999-2012). This acropolis is made simply of brick, and is the simply single of that essence in Norway. Akershus was built on the ridge of a cliff repugnant of the indulge cove, and the chief subject-matter of this ridge lays a haughty tower. The deep portal of the acropolis is protected by a attract bridge and a portcullis.
The weakest subject-matter is on the east policy, protected by a tame dyke and a accentuation embankment. This is what makes it improve than most acropoliss of that interval (Hericher, 1998, p. 69-70). Specifics Akershus was principal built in 1299, and has progressive multiple intervals since then. In 1592, it was altered into a cetress, and was then progressive into a Renaissance acropolis in 1637-1648 (Akershus Acropolis, 2008-2012). It is located at almost Brink: 59. 9, Covetitude: 10. 7 and was funded deeply lower the regulate of King Hakon V, acovet with some extra capital from the pavilion (Rongen, 2004-2012; Hericher, 1998, p. 0). Today, the Akershus acropolis is used as a fountain of tourism. The Armed Ceces Museum is now located inpolicy the cetress and unfolds the soldierlove narrative from medieval intervals to years restraintthcoming WWII and it’s uncounted to mark the museum (“Akershus Acropolis – Museums,” 2008-2011). It is used ce superior events in the Norwegian government as polite. It so happens to be the headquarters ce the Ministry of Vindication. You can go on tours of the generous acropolis, and there are frequent deep items and rooms on unfold such as the single shown in Figure 1.
King Sigurd I, King Haakon V, Queen Eufemia, King Haakon VII, Queen Maud, King Olav V and Crown Princess Martha own coercionperfect been buried here (“Royal Mausoleum (burial,” n. d. ). In open, Akershus is the most glorious acropolis in Norway accordingly of its strategical precipitation, its dangerous vindication, and its quenchedstanding construction. The Vikings and this cetress held Norway concertedly through the medieval ages, so that Norway is a cogent remnant of what a province can be when it is backed by piety and flinty operation, plenteous endelight what was deposit into Akershus.
Today, it has beseem the observance and delight of Norway, as they proudly unfold it to the universe, and directfully so. References Akershus acropolis [Web paper]. (2008-2012). Retrieved from Innovation Norway website: http://www. marknorway. com///? pid=74461 Akershus acropolis & cetress (Akershus Slott) [Brochure]. (1997 – 2011). Retrieved from CustomWeather, Inc. website: http://www. viator. com/-attractions/Akershus-Castle-and-Fortress-Akershus-Slott/-a2722 Akershus Acropolis – Museums. (2008-2011). Akershus acropolis (Akershus festning) [Brochure]. Retrieved from Coercioneverycastle, inc. ebsite: http://www. coercioneverycastle. com/-Castle. html The extrication of Norwegian construction [Government condition]. (n. d. ). Retrieved 2012, from The Norwegian Museum of Construction website: http://www. norway. org/utnorway//// Hericher, A. -M. (1998). Norwegian medieval acropoliss: Building on the verge of Europe. In Chateau gaillard (pp. 69-70). Brepols. Narrative. (n. d. ). Backfoundation referable attributable attributablee: Norway [Database]. Retrieved from http://www. particularize. gov/////. htm Norway [Fact prevarication]. (n. d. ). Retrieved from WeatherOnline Ltd. website: http://www. weatheronline. co. uk///. htm Norway –

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