Development of the Solar Power Market in Canada

The solar energy market continues to be at a comparatively early stage of improvement and future demand for solar energy services and products is unsure. Solar energy falls into the emergent inexperienced power sector and advantages from rising private and non-private help to assist with business development. Over the following 5 years to 2023, income for the photo voltaic panel manufacturing business is predicted to develop with a forecast to extend at an annualized price of three.9%(Miller, 2018). The services and products offered by the business depend upon the tools operator and the placement of the venture. Totally different areas would possibly require several types of know-how, relying on the quantity of daylight accessible on the location (measured as daylight density) (Miller, 2018). The 2 standardized product choices on this enterprise sector are concentrating solar energy (CSP) and photovoltaic energy (PV). Concentrating solar energy (CSP) includes directing warmth from daylight onto a photo voltaic cell or panel. The warmth is then transformed into electrical energy via processes with completely different ranges of effectivity (Miller, 2018). Photovoltaic (PV) energy depends straight on photo voltaic cells to generate electrical energy from the solar’s power. As photo voltaic know-how develop at a extra speedy tempo, it's going to lead to bringing down photo voltaic tools prices and rising effectivity. There are a lot of enterprise threat related within the photo voltaic panel business (See Appendix A), due to this fact growth is critical to mitigate a few of the threat. Based in 2001 in Canada, Canadian Photo voltaic is among the world’s largest solar energy corporations and a number one vertically built-in supplier of solar energy merchandise, providers and system options with operations in North America, South America, Europe, Africa, the Center East, Australia and Asia (Photo voltaic Inc, n.d.). Canadian Photo voltaic designs, develops and manufactures photo voltaic ingots, wafers, cells, modules and different solar energy merchandise with most of their manufacturing operations completed in China and Southeast Asia. Their product line features a vary of photo voltaic modules constructed to basic specs to be used in a variety of residential, business and industrial solar energy era methods (See Appendix B). Moreover, Canadian Photo voltaic is among the most bankable corporations within the photo voltaic business, having been publicly listed on NASDAQ since 2006 and presently has 12000 staff (Photo voltaic Inc, n.d.). Canadian Photo voltaic enterprise consists of the next two enterprise segments: MSS Phase and Power Phase (Annual Report: CSIQ-2017-20F, 2018, p.42). The MSS Phase primarily includes the design, improvement, manufacturing and sale of a variety of solar energy merchandise, together with commonplace photo voltaic modules, specialty photo voltaic merchandise, photo voltaic system kits and O&M providers. Their Power Phase consists of solar energy venture improvement and sale, EPC and improvement providers, and working solar energy initiatives and gross sales of electrical energy. Within the MSS Phase, commonplace photo voltaic modules are arrays of interconnected photo voltaic cells in weatherproof encapsulation. KoolPower Dymond photo voltaic panels are the very best resolution for Oman’s market as these panels can stand up to Oman’s desert like local weather similar to excessive temperatures, sandstorms, salt-water corrosion and and so forth. (See Appendix C). Specialty photo voltaic merchandise embody Andes Photo voltaic Dwelling System and Maple Photo voltaic System which each provide off-grid photo voltaic system. The photo voltaic system package is a ready-to-install package deal consisting of photo voltaic modules produced by Canadian Photo voltaic and parts, similar to inverters, racking system and different equipment, provided by third events (Annual Report: CSIQ-2017-20F, 2018, p.43). Lastly the O&M providers embody inspections, restore and alternative of plant tools, website administration and administrative help providers (Annual Report: CSIQ-2017-20F, 2018, p.43). Within the Power Phase providers, Canadian Photo voltaic supplies photo voltaic venture improvement and gross sales, which construct giant energy initiatives similar to supplying and constructing for entire neighborhood. The EPC and improvement providers embody engineering, procurement and building work for solar energy initiatives owned both by Canadian Photo voltaic or by third events. Lasting the working solar energy initiatives and gross sales of electrical energy started to function sure Canadian photo voltaic initiatives and generate revenue from the sale of electrical energy. Though most of those photo voltaic initiatives are developed on the market, Canadian Photo voltaic might function them previous to promoting (Annual Report: CSIQ-2017-20F, 2018, p.44).  
Operations

Canadian Photo voltaic has a versatile vertically built-in enterprise mannequin that mixes inner manufacturing capability with direct materials purchases of each cells and wafers. This tactic has benefited them by reducing the price of supplies for photo voltaic module merchandise. In doing so it supplies Canadian Photo voltaic with better flexibility to reply to short-term demand will increase. Provide chain administration for MSS Phase is dependent upon Canadian Photo voltaic capacity to acquire a secure and cost-effective provides of polysilicon, photo voltaic ingots, wafers and cells. Canadian Photo voltaic has contractual agreements in silicon wafer to determine forth worth and amount data, supply phrases and technical specs (Annual Report: CSIQ-2017-20F, 2018, p.44). These agreements typically present for a time period throughout which Canadian Photo voltaic can examine the product and request the vendor to make replacements for broken items. Quite a few long-term provide agreements have been accomplished with a number of silicon and wafer suppliers with a view to safe a secure provide of uncooked supplies to satisfy manufacturing necessities. These suppliers included GCL, LONGI, Deutsche Photo voltaic and LDK. Canadian Photo voltaic purchases photo voltaic cells from various worldwide and native suppliers, along with manufacturing their very own photo voltaic cells and having toll manufacturing preparations with their photo voltaic cell provider. Canadian Photo voltaic typically require the vendor to bear the prices and dangers of transporting photo voltaic cells till they've been delivered to the placement specified within the settlement. Within the Power Phase, Canadian Photo voltaic MSS phase provides a part of the photo voltaic modules used of their power phase. For the solar energy initiatives which are developed, they've the choice of both utilizing their very own engineering and operation groups or hiring third-party contractors to construct and function the initiatives previous to sale. Manufacturing the MSS Phase, photo voltaic modules are assembled by interconnecting a number of photo voltaic cells by tabbing and stringing them right into a desired electrical configuration. The interconnected cells are then laminated in a vacuum, remedy them by heating and package deal them in a protecting light-weight anodized aluminum body. Then are sealed and weatherproof the photo voltaic modules to face up to excessive ranges of ultraviolet radiation, moisture and excessive temperatures. Canadian Photo voltaic selectively makes use of automated tools to boost the standard and consistency of their completed merchandise and to enhance the effectivity of the manufacturing processes. Key tools within the manufacturing course of consists of automated laminators, simulators and photo voltaic cell testers. The meeting line design supplies flexibility to regulate the ratio of automated tools to expert labor with a view to maximize high quality and effectivity. Canadian Photo voltaic Power Phase engages all facets of the event and operation of solar energy initiatives, together with venture choice, design, allowing, engineering, procurement, building, set up, monitoring, operation and upkeep and likewise present EPC Providers to threerd events. The solar energy initiatives improvement course of primarily consists of the next levels: market due diligence & venture choice; venture financing; allowing and approval; venture design, engineering, procurement and building. For high quality and management, Canadian Photo voltaic has in-house testing middle and is backed by main impartial testing establishment. They've registered their high quality management system based on the necessities of ISO 9001:2008 and ISO/TS 16949 requirements. TUV Rheinland Group, a number one worldwide service firm that paperwork the security and high quality of merchandise, methods and providers, audits their high quality methods. Inspecting and testing incoming uncooked supplies to make sure their high quality is completely crucial for Canadian Photo voltaic. Canadian Photo voltaic displays the manufacturing processes by inspecting and testing incoming uncooked supplies to make sure there desired high quality and examine the completed merchandise by conducting reliability and different checks. This has led Canadian Photo voltaic to have the best worth/efficiency ratio within the highest module high quality and the best probability of being really helpful by IHS (See Appendix D).

Goal market with demographics of goal prospects

The financial improvement of Oman has over the past three a long time been pushed by pure gasoline and oil, which has benefited the rise dwelling requirements and infrastructures (See Appendix E). At the moment one third of Oman’s present power wants are met by oil and as its oil reserves are predicted to have a remaining lifespan of solely 40 years the federal government is confronted with the query of what's going to substitute this supply of power when it runs out. Oman has one of many highest ratio of “sky clearness” and receives intensive day by day photo voltaic radiation starting from 5,500-6,000 Wh/m2 a day in July to 2,500-Three,000 Wh/m2 a day in January, giving it one of many highest photo voltaic power densities on the planet. In accordance with the Authority for Electrical energy Regulation in Oman, “Oman and photo voltaic power has the potential to offer enough electrical energy to satisfy all of Oman’s home electrical energy necessities and supply some electrical energy for export”. In 2011, pure gasoline accounted for 71% of the nation’s power provide with oil merchandise accounting for the remaining 29% (See Appendix F). Oman doesn't have an interconnected nationwide grid; fairly the electrical energy grid contains the Most important Interconnected System (MIS) within the north and the Salalah energy system within the south with the present most energy consumption being; residential, business, industrial and authorities (See Appendix G). Due to this fact the demand for power within the Sultanate of Oman is rising quickly, because of a mix of speedy industrialization, urbanisation and inhabitants development, elevated water desalination processes and a robust improve in financial development. The federal government of Oman has began to look at the potential use of renewable pure assets for the manufacturing of electrical energy, with a view to diversifying the power base of the Omani financial system. Canadian Photo voltaic might want to make adjustment to present renewable power targets for the Center East (See Appendix H) by being the primary to enter into the worthwhile Oman’s market via a producing facility. Canadian Photo voltaic prospects will embody: residential, business, industrial and authorities, making up about 95% of the used energy consumption in Oman. Residential would be the major goal market that Canadian Photo voltaic might want to concentrate on, with the served accessible market being residential, business, industrial and authorities and whole accessible market being total Center East. Present related demographics for residential sector in Oman embody: age construction – 25-64 years 47.72% (male 939,335/feminine 697,799); literacy price 93%; city inhabitants 78% of whole with a 2.15% per 12 months (2015-20 est.); GDP per capita $15668.37 and 16% unemployment price.

Quotation

  • Miller, D (2018, June). Photo voltaic Panel Manufacturing within the US. IBISWorld Business Report 33rr1c Retrieved November 20, 2018 from IBISWorld database.
  • Photo voltaic Inc. (n.d.). The Canadian Photo voltaic Distinction. Retrieved November 20, 2018, from https://www.canadiansolar.com/na/about-canadian-solar.html
  • Annual Report: CSIQ-2017-20F.[Pdf]. (2018, April 26). Washington, D.C. 20549: UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION.

 

Appendix

 

Appendix A

 

Appendix B

Appendix C


 

 

 

Appendix D

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