Introduction_To_Computers[1] Essay


Introduction To Computers

And ProgrammingProgramming

Module: INFS 111

Lecturer: Mr Chukwuere

Due Date: 08 May 2019

Group Members: Mokoena S.M(31227546)

Paole D(29418119)

Moholo S.N(27464504) D.P

Naane O.R(29603382)

Mpiti K.I(29226198)

Nonkonyane L.H(30088593)

Olesitse M (29123143)

Nyana M(30123283)


Question 1

What is the dissimilarity betwixt not attributable attributable attributable attributconducive attributableification schemes and not attributable attributable attributable attributconducive attributableification technology? (2)

Notification schemes feel to do with the con-over of complementary networks of hardware and software truthd to assemble, leak, regularity and recount axioms. (O’Leary J.2017)

Notification technology, on the other influence, has to do with the con-over of not attributable attributable attributable attributconducive attributableification holistically and not attributable attributable attributable attributconducive attributconducive attributconducive merely the technology complicated save the mass and procedures as courteous.

(O’Leary J.2017)

Indicate 5 incongruous models of computers? (5)


Mainframe computers

Midrange computers

Indivisible computers


(O’Leary J. 2017)

What is the low model of computer? (1)

Indivisible computers

List 4 low categories of computer hardware? (4)

Input devices

Output devices

Storage devices

Processing devices

(O’Leary J.2017)

Define five models of appropriateized software? (10)

Graphics programs, widely truthd in illustrative arts.

(O’Leary J.2017)

Work authoring programs, it is truthd ce the romance of a worksite and that can be manufactured using passage editors or order regularityors. ( O’Leary J.2017)

Artificial tidings attempts to clear computer schemes that can imitate the civilized judgment through regularity and actions. (O’Leary J.2017)

Multimedia, Integrates full sorts of media including audios, videos, illustratives, livelinesss and passage into presentations. (O’Leary J.2017)

Audio and video editing, fresh progression in video and audio technology fullow men-folks to compel fellowcitizeninessal tendency audio and video footage. (O’Leary J.2017)

Define utilities (1)

According to O’Leary utilities appropriateized programmes contrived to compel computing easier.

List the five most utilities (5) (O’Leary J.2017)

Troubleshooting or indication programs

Anti-virus programs

Backup programs

File compression programs

Uninstfull programs

What is a service benefit? (2)

According to O’Leary service benefit comprehends a compute of tools that retrieve, optimize and celebrate your computer ce you. It is contrived to be the sequence subsistence ce your computer to tobject it exoteric at its peak.

Define basic software collision? (2)

According to O’Leary software collision is a program that compels the computer discharge certain/specific tasks such as creating documents, storing axioms in a axiomsbase, browsing the work, sending and receiving emails, anticipation.

List and sift-canvass the five models of not attributable attributable attributable attributconducive attributableification schemes? (10)(O’Leary J.2017)

Mass are the object truthrs and the most grave integralot of any not attributable attributable attributable attributconducive attributableification scheme.

Procedures are rules and guidelines ce mass to thrive when using the software, hardware, and axioms. These procedures are typically documented in a manual written by computer appropriateists.

Software is another indicate ce the program. Programs induce the teachings that recount computers how to regularity axioms. The mind of the software is to change axioms into not attributable attributable attributable attributconducive attributableification.

Hardware is the equipment that regularityes axioms to originate not attributable attributable attributable attributconducive attributableification.

Axioms is the green, unprocessed facts including passages, total, passages, images, and gauges.

Question 2

Explain the 2 low truth of the internet? (4)(O’LearyJ.2017)

Communicating, it truthd to tobject in affect with friends and nobility, encounter strange mass.

Shopping, the cyber mfull has been single of the fastest growing extemporeice ce purchasing closely completething, from vesture to gadgets.

What is the dissimilarity betwixt internet and work?(4)

According to O’Leary (2017:28), the internet is a enormous natural network which consists of wires, cables, escort, and rules ce exchanging not attributable attributable attributable attributconducive attributableification betwixt computers alike to the network. The work is the further visual policy of the internet becatruth it is a multimedia interface to media on the internet e.g. illustratives, gauge, video and liveliness, these media are attested invariconducive means locators (URLs).

Explain what ISP is? (2)

It is the most low cem to cohere to the internet and originate a methodform ce men-folks to be conducive to access or surf the internet as courteous. (O’Leary J.2017)

Indicate 2 technologies that can be truthd to cohere to ISP(2)(O’Leary J.2017)

Wireless modems

Telephsingle lines

Indicate 4 elements of an email (4)(O’Leary J.2017)




Briefly sift-canvass full components of the thriveing

Scheme Individual (20)

According to O’Leary J 2017 scheme individual comprehends the scheme’s electronic components and clarified resultant storage. The deep fellowcitizeniness of the computer scheme individuale is to abide and save full the easily-affected components from the extinguishedpolicy elements. Most computer scheme individuals on the face policy comprehend the ability saveton, optical disk, disk driver, audio egress ce a brace of headphones and a compute of USB carriages, the end accommodates full the cohereions ce ability, mentor, keyboard, mouse, Ethernet carriage and other withextinguished devices

Ports, it is a socket ce apparent devices to cohere to the scheme individual, some tonnage cohere immediately to the consideration and some cohere to the slots on the scheme consideration. (O’Leary J.2017)

Ability give, computers exclude ce laptops and fickle cell phones truth straightforward vulgar (DC) to ability their electronic components to portray axioms and teachings. It is deeply truthd to give electrical ability to complete computer integralot. (O’Leary J.2017)

Scheme consideration, this is the scheme nucleus, the core of the computer where completething is alike to it. The gross scheme is managed and inferior by the scheme consideration and it comprehends appropriate bits where some integrated circumferences are anticipationhed or inserted. (O’Leary J.2017)

Microprocessor, now this is the computer engine/the brain which is unreserved as the mediate regularitying individual (CPU) which manages the operations of the computer. Regularityors comprehend a administer individual and a logic individual. (O’Leary J.2017)

Memory, the abideing area ce axioms and not attributable attributable attributable attributconducive attributableification comprehended on the retention bit alike to the scheme consideration. There are three models of retention bits, haphazard access retention (RAM), read-merely retention (ROM) and glimmer retention. (O’Leary J.2017)

Fellowcitizen lines, it is unreserved ce cohereing the tonnage of the CPU to each other. A fellowcitizen is a methodform ce presenting axioms and teachings. (O’Leary J.2017)

Dilution slots, indivisible computers are easier to enlarge past the scheme comes with dilution slots on their scheme considerations, carriages on the card fullow cables to be alike from the dilution card to devices extinguishedpolicy the scheme individual. The courteous-unreserved brace models of cards are the illustratives card and network interface card. (O’Leary J.2017)

Motherconsideration (20)

The motherconsideration too unreserved as the scheme consideration administers full message ce the complete computer scheme that is according to O’Leary (2017:119). Full components and devices cohere to the scheme consideration. Axioms method and commerce mentor fullow manifold components to co-operate efficiently with single another. The motherconsideration comprehends a compute of incongruous electronic components and sockets to cohere bits.

Chips, little circumference considerations anticipationhed onto squares of silicon, too denominated silicon bit, semiconductor or integrated circumference. It is mounted on bit carriers.

Slots, they procure a cohereion apex ce appropriateized cards on the circumference consideration. These cards procure dilution cleverness ce a computer scheme, ce sample, a wireless networking card plugged into a slot on the scheme consideration to procure a cohereion to a national area network.

Bus, a circumference that coheres incongruous tonnage of the motherconsideration to single another. The further axioms a fellowcitizen can influencele at single date, the faster it fullows not attributable attributable attributable attributconducive attributableification to tour, this is according to Wilson (2005).

Port, it is defined as a socket ce apparent devices to cohere to the scheme individual. Some tonnage cohere immediately to the scheme consideration, time others cohere to cards that are inserted into slots on the scheme consideration, according to O’Leary J (2017:125). Carriages consist of plummet carriages (USB carriages, HDMI carriages, Thunderbolt carriages & Ethernet carriages) and appropriateized carriages (eSATA carriages, MIDI carriages, MiniDP/MDP carriages, VGA & DVI carriages and FireWire carriages).

A microprocessor is the computer engine/the brain which is unreserved as the mediate regularitying individual (CPU) which manages the operations of the computer. Regularityors comprehend a administer individual and arithmetic-logic-unit. The administer individual basically recounts the repose of the computer scheme how to convey extinguished a program’s teaching, whilst the arithmetic-logic-individual discharges the close and arithmetic operations.

Memory, there are 3 models of retention bits, indicately Haphazard Access Retention (RAM), Read-Merely Retention (ROM) and the Glimmer Retention. RAM bits abide the program and axioms that the CPU is directly regularitying. RAM has iively & transient storage becatruth completething is lost as before-long as the computer is churlish extempore. ROM bits feel not attributable attributable attributable attributconducive attributableification stored by the manufacturer. ROM bits are not attributable attributable attributable attributconducive attributconducive attributconducive iively and cannot attributable attributconducive be transitional by the truthr. Glimmer retention is a synthesis of twain RAM and ROM. O’Leary (2017:122).

Reference List

O’Leary, J.T, O’Leary, I.L and O’Leary, A.D. 2017.Computer essentials. strange york: mcgrew hill information.

Date accessed: 03 May 2019.

  Date accessed: 03 May 2019.

Date accessed: 04 May 2019.

  Date accessed: 04 May 2019.

Date accessed: 04 May 2019.

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