Six Month Accountancy Internship Personal Development Essay

The merger of PwC & Lybrand in 1998 fashioned PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC), one of many “huge 4” corporations in Singapore and worldwide (Wikipedia, 2010). Boosting a income of US$2,935 million within the Asia area for monetary 12 months 2010 (PricewaterhouseCoopers International, 2010), PwC’s principal actions embrace assurance, advisory and tax companies, for its purchasers, in accordance with the most recent usually accepted accounting ideas. I'm connected to assurance Working Unit 5 (OU5), the place in 2010, the division has achieved the next efficiency:

Diagram 1: Assurance OU5 Monetary Report (12 months ended June 30)

Efficiency Indicators

July 2010

August 2010







Billable hours per thirty days



Billable hours 12 months- to-date



Imaginative and prescient

What guides the organisation and its individuals lies within the imaginative and prescient, which is to be a frontrunner in rendering skilled companies, strategically fixing issues for its purchasers, as a way to improve the values for the agency and its purchasers. Moreover, the agency aspire to be a hub to draw, practice and retain abilities from everywhere in the world, the place as many as 163,000 competent and modern employees in 151 nations play an necessary function within the creation and moulding of the PwC expertise.

Diagram 2: PwC Expertise

As seen within the PwC Expertise’s flowchart above, the agency emphasises on the constructing the values of people and relationships throughout the employees and with their purchasers by understanding their wants and connecting with them. Additionally they launched a brand new id (emblem) on 17 September 2010, which represents a seamless and paramount need to create values, reaching objectives and constructing nice relationships for its individuals and its purchasers (PricewaterhouseCoopers Singapore, 2010).

Organisation Chart

The organisation chart of PwC Singapore is connected in appendix A. In an engagement workforce, the organisation construction could be much like the diagram under:

Diagram three: Organisation Construction of an Engagement Workforce


The tradition of the agency additionally helped in shaping the general expertise. The agency has an open door coverage, which I discovered comfy approaching my seniors and managers at any time. In PwC, the employees might be assigned to a profession coach and buddy, whose duty contains guiding and advising their juniors in making selections or just, to be a listening ear in occasions of wants. In addition to simply work, PwC additionally deal with work-life stability. Actions corresponding to neighborhood companies and Licensed Public Accountants (CPA) video games are organised to offer alternatives for networking with some professionals within the business and likewise to advertise work-life stability.

Roles and Contributions

Diagram four: Simplified flowchart of labor movement


In the beginning of the attachment, I used to be tasked with easy duties corresponding to call-over and casting of figures within the monetary statements. Although these duties could appear trivial to some, they had been important to make sure the accuracy of the figures proven within the monetary statements, and for the call-over, to make sure that the 2 copies had been comparable and the modifications that had been beforehand famous, had been mirrored within the newest copy.


In the course of the planning for an engagement, I mapped and imported the trial stability supplied by the consumer into the database system in order that the workforce members would be capable to extract figures for the sections that they're answerable for. For the walkthrough, I enquired the purchasers on their system and famous down for instance, how a sale transaction could be processed from the begin to the tip level. Moreover, I organized with the company secretary to hold out statutory evaluate. Statutory evaluate is carried out twice for an engagement. The primary session could be through the starting stage, the place the aim could be to realize an understanding of the modifications in key administration personnel and the resolutions handed from the tip of the final engagement until present 12 months. The second session could be carried out after monetary 12 months finish, and this may assist the auditors to seek out out whether or not any subsequent occasions corresponding to acquisition of a enterprise unit that will have an effect on the audited figures.


After planning, the workforce would proceed to the consumer’s place to hold out fieldwork. For the accounts receivable part, I carried out accounts receivable ageing take a look at, by vouching the key debtor’s invoices and re-performed the accounts receivable ageing. I took the variety of days between the bill date and 12 months finish date, and minus away the credit score phrases for every particular person debtor, to seek out out the variety of aged days. After which, I labeled these into ageing bands of intervals of 90, that's, 1 to 90 days, 91 to 180 and many others and in contrast the tip outcomes with consumer’s classification. This step was performed to check the reliability of the accounts receivable ageing evaluation report supplied by the consumer and this may assist the substantive analytical evaluate and different substantive analytical testing that had been being carried out on accounts receivable.

For the accounts payable part, I carried out the take a look at for unrecorded liabilities to evaluate if there was any understatement of liabilities, by vouching to the paid invoices after 12 months finish to find out if they're present obligations and whether or not they have been recorded within the present monetary 12 months. I additionally traced to the unpaid invoices after 12 months finish to make sure that they've been accounted for within the present 12 months. If the liabilities haven't been accounted for within the books, liabilities could be understated.

For the mounted asset part, I carried out reasonableness take a look at on the depreciation costs, to make sure that depreciation, a type of accounting estimates has been supplied precisely. Utilizing the mounted asset value firstly of economic 12 months, I eliminated the absolutely depreciated and disposed property and supplied partial depreciation for the brand new additions through the 12 months. After which, I in contrast the tip outcomes with the consumer’s quantities. If depreciation costs have been underprovided, it might lead to overstatement of the mounted property’ stability.

Observe-up Session

After the tip of the fieldwork, we can have a follow-up session, to clear excellent issues corresponding to paperwork and queries not obtained throughout fieldwork or to do subsequent opinions after the earlier session. I carried out accounts recoverability testing by vouching for subsequent receipts after 12 months finish. If there have been non-recoverable quantities above the pre-set planning materiality, the workforce would want to debate with the administration to offer for provision.

Audit Directions and Agreed Upon Procedures

As well as, I assisted to draft the audit directions and agreed upon procedures for different PwC corporations abroad. PwC corporations within the CATSH (China, Taiwan, Singapore and Hong Kong) areas undertake the identical audit methodology. This was as a result of our consumer was included in Singapore, however their accounting data had been saved in abroad. Due to this fact, considering the time and value components, we'd request the PwC agency within the nation the place the data had been saved to hold out the audit for us and to signal an inter-office opinion.

Studying Experiences and Achievements

Communication Abilities

One of the vital necessary classes I've learnt up to now is communication abilities. At school, we had been so used to speaking with our friends and lecturers casually. We don't want to organize beforehand and will communicate from our minds. Nonetheless, from this internship, I got here to grasp that the best way you discuss and your message impacts the communication with different individuals. After we are out for engagements, we have to talk and negotiate among the many workforce, corresponding to on assembly time and venue, delegation of workloads and to make clear directions.

Nonetheless, in my view, probably the most troublesome type of communication lies with the consumer. Each new engagement brings alongside a complete new workforce to work collectively for the consumer. Now we have to be selectively and pay attention to how and what we enquire the consumer on. That is particularly necessary as we aren't within the consumer’s place many of the occasions, due to this fact, we depend on the data that the consumer gives us with. Additionally, there is likely to be miscommunication if the consumer misunderstood our queries.

I used to be assigned to check the controls for fee of bills. I vouched to the bodily provider’s invoices, corresponding fee vouchers and recorded the fee voucher quantity and telegraphic switch quantity. I discovered that the fee voucher was not within the common 6 digits format beginning quantity 6 and it was within the telegraphic switch format i.e. TT OCBC SG 123456. Being very confused with the preparations, I approached the Finance Supervisor, to make clear my doubts. I remembered utilizing the phrases “sequential order” and “TT quantity is completely different” in my questions. The consumer instantly rebutted me, “You imply our fee vouchers will not be in sequential order?” Fortuitously, my workforce in-charge helped me out by clarifying my questions with the consumer. My authentic intention was to investigate using TT switch quantity that's completely different from the financial institution’s reference and to seek out out the premise on utilizing such codecs. After some clarifications, the consumer defined the change in using the codecs from June 2010 onwards, a brand new format for the recording of the fee voucher quantity, in the best way acquainted to them. For instance, TOS 11 10 07 01 stands for TT OCBC Financial institution in SGD and the place 11 is the forex code for SGD, 10 being 12 months 2010, 07 being the month and 01 being the sequential numbering of the fee voucher. GIRO fee would have the format beginning with 65 and fee by cheque can have the numbering beginning with 84. From this incident, I've learnt to be tactical with my phrases and never point out phrases that may indicate that the consumer was within the improper. Firstly, we should always request the consumer to walkthrough with us on the system. When they're performed with the reasons, we may enquire on the deviations from the final procedures that they've briefed us on beforehand. I'd additionally write down all of the questions that I have to ask on a bit of paper, in order to keep away from approaching the consumer regularly.

Constructing relationships

Relationship-building is paramount within the line of assurance, as a result of we aren't desk-bound jobs and require frequent travelling. I heard that the majority purchasers don't like auditors and we might usually be scolded by them. Nonetheless, I'd assume in any other case. I felt that all of it boils right down to how we handle our relationship with our friends, colleagues and purchasers. I actually loved the relationships that I shared with my first engagement’s consumer. Earlier than the official working hours, I beloved to hitch their employees on the pantry to talk and likewise shared with them my working experiences up to now. The occasions that we've laughed had been positively fond reminiscences. My seniors warned me that the Finance Supervisor was a fierce one who was unwilling to assist. Nonetheless, I realised that after a lot interactions with him, he would information and joke with me. Even now, after I known as again to follow-up, the employees recognised my voice and despatched me the excellent paperwork inside a short while. I by no means felt uneasy been recognised as a pupil. The connection that I maintained with my seniors was additionally extra like a pal. We might play exhausting and work exhausting on the identical time.

These have positively taught me not sacrifice work for time used for constructing of relationships. The shut relationships that you've cast up to now could be helpful to you sooner or later. At school, many people have Innovation and Enterprise (I & E) occasions in 12 months three for our Interdisciplinary Research (IS) modules. Many of those occasions require the assist of our pals, whether or not monetary or in participation. If we've cherished the relationships with our pals, a lot of them could be keen to assist our occasions. Nobody is alone. Due to this fact, you will need to meet new individuals, put in efforts in sustaining these relationships and these individuals may probably assist us even after our research or internship.

Being Proactive and Taking Possession

Being proactive in my angle and be answerable for the duties assigned to me was one other studying expertise for me. I'm a sluggish learner and I shouldn't permit this to have an effect on the progress of the engagement workforce. As such, I learn the prior 12 months’s monetary statements and checked with my workforce in-charge a minimum of a number of days earlier than the engagement if there's something that I could possibly be assist of and to debate on my job scopes. These efforts paid off after I realised that I used to be in a position to relate what I've learn within the prior 12 months’s recordsdata to present 12 months’s audit, as we'd usually anticipate the pattern to proceed. As well as, going by way of the walkthrough carried out by my seniors has allowed me to know the important thing administration personnel that I could have to method throughout fieldwork and to familiarise with the filling system, in order to expedite the vouching course of.

I consider that taking possession of the duties assigned is necessary. It's being answerable for your self and others. When somebody handles me a process, I'd full it as quickly as attainable, or if I'm busy, I'd ask the opposite interns to help. It is because the opposite social gathering have put their belief in you to assist them to finish these duties. If we aren't accountable, our seniors wouldn't need to entrust us with duties and we might miss these alternatives for studying. Just like the educational experiences at school, once we are assigned tasks by our lecturers, we should always all the time put in efforts, and never grumble and submitting substandard work, as a result of the tasks are designed to allow us to have a hands-on method on the ideas learnt in classes, and to encourage us to do analysis and discover past the lecture notes.


Throughout this internship, I grew to become much less reliant on my seniors. For my first engagement, there have been solely four individuals within the workforce, together with myself. My workforce in-charge resigned earlier than the tip of the engagement and each my seniors took annual depart and examine depart, leaving myself to do the follow-up for that engagement. My supervisor was too busy to information me. In the long run, I used to be despatched to do follow-up on the consumer’s place alone for 2 days. As I used to be tasked to do solely vouching for sure sections throughout fieldwork , I don't have a great understanding of the consumer’s enterprise and operations, as in comparison with my seniors and workforce in-charge who've dealt with the completely different sections and have liaised straight with the consumer’s finance supervisor and director earlier than. I felt nervous, misplaced and I attempted very exhausting to recollect what my seniors and supervisor had instructed me. I began on my work and reported to my supervisor as soon as each few hours, to replace her on my progress and procure suggestions from her on the work performed up to now. I felt that I used to be too protected by my seniors and in-charge beforehand, as they'd verify my work earlier than submitting my work to the supervisor for evaluate. For now, there was nobody to verify my work and I've to assume on my toes and full them with care earlier than submission. As in contrast with the mission work and assignments at school, we may search our pals’ assist and lecturers’ opinions earlier than the ultimate submission and don't want to fret about making errors.

Reflection on an Incident


For my first engagement, one of many duties that I used to be assigned to was to vouch the credit score phrases for the key debtors. Because it was my first time, I used to be nervous and careworn up over the deadlines. When requested by my workforce in-charge if I've accomplished all of the vouching, I instructed her that I've accomplished the duty and he or she believed me. Nonetheless, to her dismay, she realised that the part was not accomplished once we went again to the workplace. I've forgotten to vouch that specific part and my in-charge needed to name up the consumer to investigate on the main points one after the other. This has positively added on her workloads as I understood that the part was due for evaluate by the director that day.

I assumed that I've learnt my lesson from this incident. Nonetheless, for a similar engagement, however for the follow-up session, my workforce members weren't round and my supervisor took depart and afterward fell ailing for one more 2 weeks earlier than my follow-up periods. My supervisor had instructed me to maintain observe of the confirmations and correspondences with the consumer and third events whereas she was away. Upon receipt of the confirmations and correspondences, I've to replace within the management sheet, whether or not the confirmed stability is similar because the stability as proven within the accounts receivable and accounts payable itemizing. When my supervisor got here again from her medical depart, she alerted me that I've signed and stuffed in a affirmation, which was really returned to us, with none affirmation of the balances, because the tackle for the intercompany in Italy was improper. Because the signing of the accounts was agreed on 13 December 2010, we had been working wanting time. My supervisor reprimanded me for the carelessness.

I took speedy motion by requesting our consumer to alert their intercompany in Italy to ship a affirmation once more, if not, a minimum of, a scanned copy earlier than the signing of the accounts. I remorse for not studying my lesson beforehand as this was a repeat incident. Ever since then, I resolved to watch out in my work and to double verify earlier than submission. My supervisor acknowledged that I've put in efforts in my future duties ever since that incident.

Phrase Rely: 2940


Appendix A

Supply: (PwC Singapore, 2010)

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