Nursing Essay Assignment

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ASSIGNMENT This assignment is to be completed in groups of three and carries thirty per-cent of the marks in this unit


This assignment is to be completed in groups of three and carries thirty per-cent of the marks in this unit.

Assessment Criteria:

Student work will generally be assessed in terms of the following criteria:

1. Effectiveness of communication – ie readability, legibility, grammar, spelling, neatness, completeness and presentation will be a minimum threshold requirement for all written work submitted for assessment. Work that is illegible or incomprehensible and does not meet the minimum requirement will be awarded a fail grade.

2. Accuracy – This will be the primary criterion for assessing the computational and procedural tasks.

3. Demonstrated understanding – This will be evidenced by the student’s ability to be dialectical in the discussion of contentious issues. Few, if any, accounting concepts are scientific facts and stereotype answers will demonstrate poor understanding on the part of the student.

4. Evidence of research – This will be evidenced by the references made to the statutes, accounting standards, books, journal articles and inclusion of a bibliography.


1. All written work must conform with the University of Ballarat General Guide for the Presentation of Academic Work.

2. For all written work students must ensure that they submit their own original work. Any act of plagiarism will be severely penalised.

PART A. (10 marks)
You have been asked to analyse Grand Plomp Ltd, a maker of rocket widgets used by NASA. The owners are wondering whether the return received is sufficient to justify the risks taken in each division. You are to consider both divisional risk and return in your analysis and the following information has been collected from the past fifteen years to use in your n your analysis.

Percent Risk Measure % Average
Division of Rocket Standard Beta Annual Rate
Widgets Deviation of Return (%)
A 10 12 1.1 10
B 20 36 1.2 20
C 30 14 0.8 8
D 40 15 0.9 15

• Average annual market return: 12 per cent
• Average annual risk-free rate: 8 per cent

Using standard deviation and beta measures of risk, you are to rank projects in terms of their risk-adjusted return. Those divisions providing the lowest risk per unit of return would be preferred. An analysis can be conducted using a ‘total’ definition of risk, or standard deviation, and an ’undiversifiable’ definition or risk, or beta.

Given the beta, it is possible to measure the required rate of return. Furthermore, given the proportion of each division within Global Gears, it is possible to calculate the firm beta, return and risk-adjusted return. With this information, it is possible to determine whether Global Gears, as a whole, provides a sufficient return to justify the risks taken by its investors.
You are required to:
• Locate the relevant information
• Select the proper tool or equation
• Organise and manipulate the data
• Explain the solution

PART B (12.5 marks)

Misty Ltd wishes to determine its weighted marginal cost of capital. In preparing for this task, it has compiled the following data:

Source of Capital Target Range of Financing After-Tax
Proportion $ $ Cost
Long-Term Debt 0.4 0 to 300,000 0.065
300,001 to 600,000 0.075
600,001 and above 0.090
Preference Shares 0.1 0 to 100,000 0.095
100,001 and above 0.100
Ordinary Shares 0.5 0 to 500,000 0.11
500,001 to 1,000,000 0.125
1,000,001 and above 0.14

a) Determine the breaking points and ranges of total financing associated with each source of capital;
b) Using the data developed determine the levels of total financing at which the firm’s weighted average cost of capital (WACC) will change;
c) Calculate the weighted average cost of capital and the weighted marginal cost (WMCC) for each range of total financing
d) Using the results along with the information on the available investment opportunities shown below, compile the firm’s investment opportunities schedule (IOS), plot this schedule and plot the weighted marginal cost of capital schedule

Investment Opportunities Schedule
Investment IRR Initial
Opportunity Investment
A 0.14 200,000
B 0.12 300,000
C 0.11 500,000
D 0.1 300,000
E 0.09 600,000
F 0.08 100,000

e) Which, if any of the available investments would you recommend that the firm accept? Explain your answer.

PART C. (7.5 marks)

Traditional project evaluation/capital budgeting analysis assumes a firm’s only choice is accept or reject a program. In a real business situation, firms face many choices with respect to how to operate a project, both before it starts and after it is underway. Any time a firm has the ability to make choices, there is value added to the project in question – Traditional NPV analysis ignores this value. The study of real options attempts to put a dollar value on the ability to make choices.

a) What are real options and how are they valued.

b) Discuss the following

Locate the following article
(Robert S Pindyck – Massachusetts Institute of Technology March – 1990 – old but gold)

Most major investment expenditures have two important characteristics which together can dramatically affect the decision to invest. First, the expenditures are largely irreversible; the firm cannot disinvest, so the expenditures must be viewed as sunk costs. Second, the investments can be delayed, giving the firm an opportunity to wait for new information about prices, costs, and other market conditions before it commits resources.

c) Calculate the following

Pindyck supplies a simple two-period example to illustrate how irreversibility can affect an investment decision and how option pricing methods can be used to value a firm’s investment opportunity, and determine whether or not the firm should invest.

Using the following example replicate Pyndick’s two-period example.

Consider a firm’s decision to irreversibly invest in a widget factory. The factory can be built instantly, at a cost of $7m, and will produce 1000 widgets per year forever, with zero operating cost. Currently the price of widgets is $700, but next year the price will change. With probability .6 it will rise to $800, and with probability (l-q) it will fall to $600. The price will then remain at this new level forever. Assume that this risk is fully diversifiable, so that the firm can discount future cash flows using the risk-free rate, which we will take to be 10 percent

STATS1900 Business Statistics Major Assignment

STATS1900 Business Statistics

Major Assignment

Semester 2, 2013

Date Due: Please refer to course description

Total Marks: 40 marks Worth: 20% of final assessment

This assignment requires a substantial amount of computer work and written comment. You may need to seek guidance from your tutor along the way. Do not leave things until too late!!

The questions give a careful statement of what is required and information about the presentation of your answers. Please follow these carefully! Marks may be deducted for poor presentation.

In this assignment you will examine data used by a Real Estate investment advisor. She wants you to answer some specific questions put by clients about houses prices in the neighbourhood encompassed by 4 suburbs around the city of Melbourne. The data is contained in the file ‘Real_Estate.xls’ and contains the following columns (variables):

Variable Name Description
ID House Identity number
Price Selling Price of the house (in 000’s)
Bedrooms Number of bedrooms
Size House Size (m2)
Pool 0=House without a Pool
1=House with a Pool
Distance Distance from city centre (km)
Suburb Suburb number
Garage 0=House without a Garage
1=House with a Garage

1. Random Sample: Before you begin your analysis you are required to take a random sample of size 110 from the 170 cases in the file. Use the file Random_Sample_Generator-13-2.xls to do this. Your tutor will show you how this can be done in EXCEL. Answers to the questions below are to be based on your sample of 110 cases. Make sure to keep a safe copy of the sample you use since you cannot use Random_Sample_Generator-13-2.xls to reproduce it. Provide a printout of the data in your sample, with ID numbers in ascending order.

2. Summary table:
i) Prepare a summary table that shows the mean, standard deviation and 95% confidence interval for the mean of the following variables:
Selling Price, Number of bedrooms, Size of house, Distance from city centre
ii) Use some of the information in (i) to describe a typical house in these suburbs.
i) Prepare a summary table that shows the mean and standard deviation of Price for houses in the 4 Suburbs according (subject) to the variable Bedrooms. Think carefully about the layout of the rows and columns of your table. As well as means and standard deviations you should also include the number of houses in each group. So each cell in your final table should contain the mean, the standard deviation and n, the number of houses in that group.
ii) Comment, in bullet point form, on the Price of any combinations for Suburb and Bedrooms variables (i.e. cells in the table).

3. A local real estate firm has told a client that the average Price of a house in Suburb 2 is $420,000. You have been asked to evaluate this claim. Use a One Sample t Test for the Mean to evaluate the claim that the average price is $420,000.

4. Size and Price: One of the clients wants information on Size of houses as it relates to price.
a) First create a new variable (column) labelled Size Group which divides Size up into two size groups as follows:

Under 200 square meters Small

200 square meters and over Large

b) Produce suitable graphs or charts to help in providing the information requested on the Size of the house as it relates to Price.
c) Find 95% CI intervals for the small and large houses Price. Is there any interaction (overlap) between the two Confidence Intervals? What does this tell you about the Prices for the two Sizes.

5. Produce a scatter plot of Price vs Size (Size should be on the horizontal axis). Make sure you label your axes properly and that your graph has an appropriate title. Briefly describe the nature of the relationship between these two variables.

Use XL to carry out a regression analysis on these two variables. Copy the output into your assignment and use it to respond to the following:
a) Write down the regression equation.
b) State the R-Square value and the Standard Error and explain what they mean with respect to this data.
c) Write down the value of the gradient of the regression line and explain what it means in this case.
d) Is the constant or intercept value significant in this case? How do you know this?
e) Briefly explain why you think this regression model is, or is not, a good model.

Price and Suburb indexes:

a) Determine the Suburb index for each suburb after regressing Price with Size of the house. Use the multiplicative model in calculating suburb indices: ImprovedPredictedPrice=PredictedPrice(as a function of Size) × Suburb Index.
Hint: Use a similar technique to the time series technique that calculates seasonal indices.
b) Interpret the suburb indices in the context of the problem.

6. Using information from your analyses write a short concluding paragraph about house prices and sizes for different suburbs.


SEMESTER 2 – 2013


Length: Total word length should be approximately 2000 – 2,500 words. It is in the discretion of students to decide on the word length for each answer..
Marking: Mark allocation is set out for students in the introductory work notes. Students must refer to appropriate sections of legislation where applicable. Reference to cases should be made where there is a case that is important to the answer. The answer is to be an individual piece of work. This is not a group assignment.
Due Date: To be handed in on Monday 30 September. Submission time is 4 pm. An electronic copy must be submitted through Turnitin on the homepage of the website for this unit. A hard copy must also be handed to your lecturer. If Turnitin will not accept your assignment, please email a copy to your lecturer by the due time and date.
Extensions: Extensions will not be granted without medical certificate. No extension will be granted within 24 hours of due date.
Plagiarism Students should familiarize themselves with the university policy on plagiarism.

Both question 1 and 2 must be answered.


(a) Michelle ran her own accountancy business. During the year she was persuaded to change premises which she ran her business from, and which she rented. A new building not far from where she ran her business had been completed. The owners of this new building agreed to give to Michelle $45,000 over 12 months if she agreed to move to their premises. Michelle accepted this offer.

(b) Roger was a tax adviser. He had a very wealthy client who asked Roger for some advice on how best to structure a new business the client was starting up. As a result of the advice given the client paid 15% less tax than had been paid in the past. The client paid Roger the fee of $7,000 he had charged. Because he was very pleased with the advice he had been given he also gave Roger another $2,000 as well as the $7,000.

(c) Bill & Ben Cookies had a number of agreements with overseas companies to produce selected biscuits from each overseas company’s biscuit range in Australia. One of these companies, Wharfdale biscuits, wrote to Bill and Ben Cookies stating it wanted to withdraw the right of Bill and Ben Cookies to produce its biscuits. After much negotiation it was agreed Bill and Ben Cookies would cancel their agreement with Wharfdale and not produce any of Wharfdale’s biscuits in Australia. Wharfdale paid Bill and Ben Cookies $70,000 on the 30th September for cancelling the agreement.

Discuss whether the amounts referred to in each question are assessable income for Australian tax purposes.  Taxation law assignment and assessment. Fully explain your answer..



Joe runs his own small business. Unfortunately, one day whilst out visiting a client, he was severely injured in a car accident and left a paraplegic. As a result of the accident Joe has had to make the following modifications to enable him to continue his business.

(i) $3,000 of changes to his car to enable him to drive to work;
(ii) $5,000 for parking expenses immediately next to his office;
(iii) $8,000 for expenses in modifying parts of his office to allow him to work more efficiently, such as ramps and rubber protective strips against the walls.
(iv) New clothes to enable him to be better able to do his work.
(v) Special adapted communications equipment for being able to answer the phone and to be able to talk to his computer to give commands and for it to take dictation (notes from spoken word.

All medical evidence agrees that after his accident Joe could not physically get to work except by car, and by parking close by his work place. All other modifications made, including his special clothing, also make running his business far easier. Real estate experts however suggest the modifications made by Joe to his office have actually decreased the value of the premises, and may well impact on the ease of access for clients, thus perhaps having an adverse impact on the overall profitability of the business.

Are the above expenditures deductible for Joe? Fully explain your answer.